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Robert Stephenson Smyth Baden-Powell, known as B-P, was born in Paddington, London on 22 February 1857. He was the eighth of ten children of Baden, a Professor at Oxford University, and Henrietta Powell. His father died when B-P was only three years old, leaving the family in a challenging situation.

B-P was given his first lessons by his mother and later attended Rose Hill School, where he gained a scholarship to Charterhouse School. He was always eager to learn new skills and played the piano and the violin. While at Charterhouse he began to exploit his interest in the arts of scouting and woodcraft.

In the woods around the school, B-P would hide from his masters as well as catch and cook rabbits, being careful not to let tell-tale smoke give his position away. The holidays were not wasted either. With his brothers he was always in search of adventure. One holiday they made a yachting expedition round the south coast of England. On another, they traced the Thames to its source by canoe. Through all this Baden-Powell was learning the arts and crafts, which were to prove so useful to him professionally.

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Our timeline

  • Baden-Powell’s Birth

    Saturday, February 21, 1857

    Born in Paddington, London, England

  • Baden-Powell Joined the Army

    Saturday, February 19, 1876

    Joined the British army and appointed as Sub-lieutenant for the 13th Hussars in Lucknow, India, and specialised in scouting, map-making and reconnaissance

  • Baden-Powell’s Successful Defense of Mafeking Town

    Tuesday, February 21, 1899

    Declared a hero for successfully defending the Mafeking Town during the Boer War and was promoted to Major-General by Queen Victoria

  • Baden-Powell Organised the Experimental Camp

    Thursday, August 1, 1907

    Held a seven-day experimental camp for 20 boys on Brownsea Island, Dorset, England

  • Baden-Powell Retired from the British Army

    Tuesday, February 22, 1910

    Retired from the British army as Lieutenant General and focused on the Scout Movement

  • Baden-Powell’s Marriage

    Thursday, February 22, 1912

    Married Olave St Clair Soames and subsequently had three children – Arthur, Heather and Betty

  • Baden-Powell Established a Training Centre for Scout Leaders

    Wednesday, February 19, 1913

    Started Gilwell Park Training Centre for Scout Leaders in London, England

  • Baden-Powell Acclaimed Chief Scout of the World

    Friday, July 30, 1920

    Acclaimed Chief Scout of the World at the 1st World Scout Jamboree in London, England

  • Baden-Powell Opened the International Scout Chalet

    Sunday, February 22, 1925

    Opened the International Scout Chalet in Kandersteg, Switzerland (now known as the Kandersteg International Scout Centre)

  • Baden-Powell Created a Peer

    Friday, February 22, 1929

    Made Lord Baden-Powell, 1st Baron of Gilwell, by King George V

  • Baden-Powell Built His African Home

    Friday, February 19, 1937

    Built and lived at his home, Paxtu cottage, in Nyeri, Kenya

  • Baden-Powell Gone Home

    Wednesday, January 8, 1941

    Passed away in Kenya at the age of 83. He was accorded military funeral and burial at St Peter’s Churchyard on 9 January. A memorial service was also held on 27 January at Westminster Abbey, London, England


Posted 7th Jul 2015

Baden-Powell family commemorate longest B-P road in Europe

Three generations of the Baden-Powell family visited Biggleswade in Bedfordshire on June 27th to

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Posted 6th Jul 2015

Baden-Powell family commemorate the longest B-P road in Europe

Baden-Powell family commemorate the longest B-P road in Europe

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Cynthia Marquez Cardoza

Posted 22nd Jun 2015


Some of the finest Scout Young Leaders from Interamerica gathered in Houston to develop their skills in Leadership during the ILT training. Guess who was the inspirational speaker of the day... Baden Powell. Translate

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Katya Boldyrieva

Posted 26th Feb 2015

Celebration of Founder’s Day!

Our scout organization Skiff (Ukraine) celebrated the Founder’s Day!

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R Karthik

Posted 25th Feb 2015

World Thinking Day - Cultural Programmes

Various items like group song, group and dance were presented by Guides which was followed by an

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R Karthik

Posted 25th Feb 2015

World Thinking Day - Birthday Celebrations

A guide and a Scout impersonated Lady and Lord Baden Powell and cut the cake on the occasion of t

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R Karthik

dankon de Hindujo. Translate